UC Browser is a net browser produced by the Chinese cellular Web company UCWeb and is owned by Alibaba Group of China. At first released in April 2004 as a J2ME-only application, it is obtainable on a number of platforms which includes Android, BlackBerry OS, iOS, Java ME, Symbian, Windows Telephone and Microsoft Home windows.[four][five][six]
one.1 UC+: HTML5, WebApp and insert-ons
one.2 Download management
1.3 Data compression
1.4 Cloud technique
2 Privacy and stability
three.4 Windows Mobile phone
4 Localization strategy
5 Ecosystem partnership
6.1 Market adoption
7 See also
The browser makes use of cloud acceleration and info compression engineering. UC Browser’s servers act as a proxy which compresses and renders the info of net webpages prior to sending it to customers. This process aids to load internet material more quickly. The browser can adapt to some community environments and help multi-file format downloading. In addition, UC Browser has HTML5 net app and cloud syncing characteristics.It has the attribute of “quickly down load” which boosts the downloading pace employing multiple thread relationship down load method.
UC Browser is obtainable on several smartphone and function cellphone platforms, but Android mobile running method represents the premier person foundation for the organization, with three hundred million of its five hundred million complete.[eight]
UC+: HTML5, WebApp and add-ons
In July 2013, UCWeb announced the UC+ Open Platform. The system is composed of a WebApp store, an add-on platform and an Software Bookmark System. It went live with the launch of UC Browser v9.two for Android.
Developers can use an SDK supplied to create packages that can be named on in diverse use scenarios. End users can obtain them from the browser’s insert-on panel to get a much more personalised world wide web searching knowledge, like the sharing to SNS, webpage translation, augmented reality, voice management, and so on.[two] The Application Bookmark Platform makes it possible for associate web sites to set up a QR code on UC Browser for end users to scan the code and add the webpage to their bookmarks. The UC WebApp Middle was one particular of the first for cell WebApps in China.[three]
The browser supports simultaneous downloads and consists of a down load supervisor, like web pages for offline looking through. It supports pause-and-resume downloads. The new variation of download supervisor has improved features to remedy problems although downloading, this kind of as an intermittent web link and mislabeled data files. The obtain procedure will carry on even soon after the application is closed and will also immediately resume if the download is interrupted for some purpose.[twelve] The down load supervisor automatically sorts downloaded information according to their kind and spots them in the respective folders.[thirteen]
Info compression lowers knowledge consumption whilst customers are browsing. Given that 2006, UC Browser has been doing far more compression and rendering functions on its servers, which is similar to the operation of a slim uc browser apk client.
UCWeb statements that the cloud system utilized by the browser tends to fetch knowledge from the closest servers offered, creating the loading method more quickly and smoother for customers.[fifteen]
Privacy and stability
Analysis has found that UC Browser is not secure, and it has Privacy concerns. The UC Browser has many vulnerabilities. In accordance to Qualys SSL Lab check Logjam, FREAK and POODLE vulnerabilities are identified in UC Browser.[sixteen] UC Browser makes use of an out-of-date RC4 cipher cryptography with outdated SSL 3 or even SSL two protocol which has several stability flaws.
In 2015 it was uncovered as element of the Snowden leaks that UC Browser leaks sensitive IMSI, IMEI, MSISDN information, Android ID, MAC handle and users Geo-spot & Wi-Fi associated information with out any encryption which was utilized by intelligence companies to track customers. In Could 2015, a research organization named the Citizen Lab[twenty] printed news about leaking of privacy specifics of a number of UC Browser end users. The group examined two versions of UC Browser, a single in English and the other in Chinese. In Might 2015, paperwork leaked by Countrywide Safety Agency (NSA) whistleblower Edward Snowden revealed that the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD) experienced discovered UC Browsers as a security weak level. Its widespread use in China, India and Indonesia created it particularly appealing to ASD. The paperwork exposed that in cooperation with its Five Eyes partners, ASD hacked the UC Browser and contaminated smartphones with adware. The ASD declined to remark in relation to the revelations.
In 2016, the Citizen Lab documented about key stability and privateness issues in the English language and Chinese language editions of the Android edition of UC Browser. The report criticized the transmission of personally identifiable data to a variety of commercial analytics equipment and the transmission of user look for queries without encryption. They also managed to bypass the encryption of UC Browser accusing them of making use of non-powerful encryption systems in transmitting personally identifiable subscriber data, cell unit identifiers and consumer geo-area info. 
In MayâJune 2016, Alibaba group supplied the Citizen Lab with up to date versions of UC Browser in buy to verify their protection fixes to these concerns. The subsequent update revealed by the Citizen Lab indicated that, not all of the earlier identified info leaks and privacy breaches experienced been fastened in UC Browser.
UC Browser leaks consumers personalized knowledge. The Ministry of Electronics and Details Technological innovation (MEITY) in India is currently investigating this privateness breach by Alibaba-owned UC Browser. It has been alleged that the next most utilized browser in India has been sending user info to Chinese servers and that it retains control more than a user’s unit DNS even following the browser is deleted. [thirty]
The make a difference, initial highlighted by way of conclusions of College of Toronto, is now getting appeared into by the Centre for Growth of Sophisticated Computing (C-DAC), Hyderabad. It is carrying out a technical investigation into the allegations produced in the University of Toronto report which had claimed “numerous key privacy and security vulnerabilities that would critically expose consumers of UC Browser to surveillance and other privateness violations”. 
UC Browser is compatible with a quantity of running systems, such as Android, BlackBerry, iOS, Symbian, Windows and Windows Mobile phone.
Android signifies the premier person-base for the browser, with three hundred million of its five hundred million overall on Google’s cellular OS.[eight] There are two variations of UC Browser offered on the Google Enjoy, including UC Browser for Android and UC Browser Mini for Android. UC browser was taken off from Google perform retailer but UC mini is nonetheless available in enjoy keep. UC Browser app vanishes from Enjoy Keep. App has been accused of sending consumer knowledge, including IMEI variety and area data, to a China-primarily based server.
UC Browser for iOS was initial released in 2010. Now, there are two variations of UC Browsers offered on Application Keep, which are UC Browser+ for Iphone and UC Browser+ High definition for iPad.
UC Browser seven. is currently available for Home windows.
UC Browser was launched for Windows Cellphone in early 2012, and it is now the most downloaded 3rd-party net browser on that working method.[forty] Its common attributes consist of Download, Incognito Browsing and Wi-Fi Sharing.[forty one]
The organization announced its “Going International” technique in 2012. By supplying diverse variations for English, Russian, Indonesian, Vietnamese markets and a lot more, the firm hopes to greater serve its expanding worldwide user foundation.[forty two] The firm is using advantage of its own server networks which permit the browser to deliver customized contents to customers all about the world. In addition to the technological troubles, the business refers to neighborhood designers and authorities to accommodate nearby cultures and preferences, according to CEO Yongfu Yu.[forty three] The logo of UC Browser was redesigned in December 2012, from a lovable cartoon squirrel to a more abstract and stylized icon that’s a lot more in line with American designs.[forty four]
UCWeb personalized its browser for Vodafone’s Indian consumers in Could 2013.[forty five]
In May possibly 2013, UCWeb announced a partnership with Pattern Micro. Beneath the arrangement, equally companies will work to supply cell internet security assessments in the browser.[forty six]
In August 2013, UC Browser provided distribution channels of firms like AppURL Initiative.
In August 2013, with unique distributors, Gameloft certified UCWeb to promote its goods.
UC Browser claimed to have attained five hundred million users in March 2014, a increase attributed to its big consumer base in China, India and Indonesia.
In Oct 2012, UC Browser topped Opera in Google Play’s totally free Android application down load class in India for the first time.[forty nine] According to a third-get together net analytics company, StatCounter, UC Browser surpassed Opera as Indiaâs leading mobile browser with 32.82 per cent of the market place share to Opera’s 26.91 per cent.
Google Zeitgeist 2013 confirmed that the “Most Searched Mobile Apps” in India have been dominated by messaging and browsing apps, with WhatsApp and UC Browser topping the rankings for the most searches on cellular in 2013.[fifty one]